Rankings 2021

Rankings / Best Games / Best Upsets / Best Upcoming Games

USA Region

How the Lummys Rankings Work

Lacrosse / D3 Men

GP = # of Games Played, W% = Win Percentage, SOS = Strength of Schedule Rank, BW = Best Win Rank, 2W = Second Best Win Rank, 3W = Third Best Win Rank, W = Win Rank, WL = Worst Loss Rank, 2L = Second Worst Loss Rank, 3L = Third Worst Loss Rank, L = Loss Rank

Team GP W% SOS BW 2W 3W W WL 2L 3L L BT 2BT 3BT WT 2WT 3WT
1 RIT 14 100% 2 2 3 11 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Salisbury 19 89% 14 5 26 26 3 8 1 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Tufts 9 89% 4 4 11 14 5 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 York 18 89% 52 6 10 20 5 10 3 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Christopher Newport 20 70% 3 8 8 10 1 9 8 2 27 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Franklin and Marshall 9 89% 23 18 21 69 7 4 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 St. Lawrence 10 70% 11 11 16 16 8 15 1 1 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 Lynchburg 21 86% 28 2 5 20 4 17 5 5 35 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Colorado College 13 69% 32 5 23 29 10 8 2 1 9 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 Stevenson 11 82% 41 4 20 48 9 5 4 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 Saint John Fisher 16 75% 42 16 24 31 11 7 3 1 13 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Hampden-Sydney 15 80% 43 17 23 109 14 8 8 5 20 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 Muhlenberg 8 63% 15 21 69 74 12 18 6 6 31 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 Williams 5 80% 19 42 47 135 21 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 Union 7 57% 10 7 52 65 16 16 1 1 26 0 0 0 0 0 0
16 Ithaca 10 60% 20 15 31 52 19 11 7 7 28 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 Washington and Lee 16 69% 40 8 32 109 12 23 12 5 42 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 Ursinus 6 67% 22 13 69 74 21 21 6 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 Babson 6 83% 53 36 76 140 26 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Stevens 17 82% 60 48 70 70 24 10 8 4 19 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 Gettysburg 6 67% 24 18 69 74 15 13 6 0 44 0 0 0 0 0 0
22 John Carroll 16 88% 106 46 46 118 20 46 6 0 31 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 Southern Virginia 16 38% 8 17 50 50 18 37 12 9 43 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 Cortland 15 73% 49 31 31 52 21 31 11 1 34 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 Catholic 9 89% 50 49 57 57 35 20 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0
26 Cabrini 12 83% 95 23 126 177 37 2 2 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 Kean 11 82% 127 78 126 126 33 78 10 0 38 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 Ohio Wesleyan 8 88% 96 34 129 129 38 34 0 0 16 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 Centre 14 86% 84 34 61 61 17 87 9 0 60 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 Connecticut College 6 50% 18 68 101 135 34 45 14 3 40 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Geneseo 10 60% 38 24 158 158 32 24 24 16 47 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 Roanoke 12 67% 57 43 44 109 27 44 17 5 52 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Transylvania 15 87% 124 61 98 147 40 29 9 0 38 0 0 0 0 0 0
34 Denison 9 78% 97 28 41 58 43 29 28 0 36 0 0 0 0 0 0
35 Eastern 14 64% 59 48 70 107 30 38 20 4 63 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 Coast Guard 5 80% 77 76 140 141 49 19 0 0 44 0 0 0 0 0 0
37 Illinois Wesleyan 17 88% 101 23 61 98 31 91 2 0 69 0 0 0 0 0 0
38 Misericordia 14 71% 72 35 70 185 28 51 20 20 75 0 0 0 0 0 0
39 Endicott 13 77% 67 53 53 67 28 67 42 5 77 0 0 0 0 0 0
40 North Central (Ill.) 14 86% 113 87 87 98 53 37 37 0 36 0 0 0 0 0 0
41 Kenyon 7 86% 132 58 129 129 64 34 0 0 16 0 0 0 0 0 0
42 Trinity 5 60% 45 39 135 211 57 47 14 0 31 0 0 0 0 0 0
43 Randolph-Macon 14 43% 44 50 79 109 36 74 44 32 76 0 0 0 0 0 0
44 Bridgewater 12 50% 48 32 43 109 24 95 32 17 100 0 0 0 0 0 0
45 Colby 3 67% 7 30 101 254 74 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
46 Baldwin Wallace 15 87% 123 22 56 118 44 22 22 0 82 0 0 0 0 0 0
47 Wesleyan 4 50% 6 42 135 254 76 14 3 0 18 0 0 0 0 0 0
48 Widener 14 64% 86 51 72 107 65 35 20 4 48 0 0 0 0 0 0
49 Scranton 8 63% 65 57 96 96 41 57 25 25 94 0 0 0 0 0 0
50 Saint Mary's (Md) 13 23% 13 66 114 149 59 43 23 23 58 0 0 0 0 0 0
51 Arcadia 14 50% 58 172 185 185 41 70 38 35 98 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 Clarkson 12 33% 26 97 97 117 51 77 24 16 85 0 0 0 0 0 0
53 Western New England 10 80% 88 67 153 153 62 39 39 0 64 0 0 0 0 0 0
54 UMass-Boston 9 89% 131 95 155 155 86 24 0 0 25 0 0 0 0 0 0
55 SUNY Maritime 8 88% 162 71 160 179 93 11 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 0
56 Otterbein 15 73% 138 73 118 118 39 73 22 22 111 0 0 0 0 0 0
57 Elizabethtown 9 67% 82 49 60 96 50 49 25 25 101 0 0 0 0 0 0
58 Wittenberg 12 42% 61 129 152 152 56 41 33 29 90 0 0 0 0 0 0
59 Salve Regina 8 50% 54 67 104 153 63 53 39 39 80 0 0 0 0 0 0
60 Moravian 12 42% 68 96 96 177 52 96 49 25 106 0 0 0 0 0 0
61 Rhodes 8 50% 70 85 85 93 70 33 29 29 72 0 0 0 0 0 0
62 Pfeiffer 14 86% 163 115 157 157 103 23 8 0 29 0 0 0 0 0 0
63 Hope 15 87% 152 81 81 103 73 81 37 0 73 0 0 0 0 0 0
64 Delaware Valley 12 42% 63 107 172 185 46 51 38 35 116 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 RPI 4 50% 39 105 117 254 109 15 7 0 24 0 0 0 0 0 0
66 Mary Washington 10 20% 9 109 114 254 82 50 32 23 58 0 0 0 0 0 0
67 Roger Williams 10 70% 89 39 104 153 55 59 53 39 104 0 0 0 0 0 0
68 Lasell 13 77% 116 88 92 153 69 117 30 4 88 0 0 0 0 0 0
69 Dickinson 6 33% 21 74 134 254 93 18 13 6 49 0 0 0 0 0 0
70 DeSales 11 55% 76 51 64 172 72 38 35 20 87 0 0 0 0 0 0
71 Farmingdale 9 78% 144 160 160 170 75 55 55 0 80 0 0 0 0 0 0
72 Hood 8 50% 81 83 107 128 83 48 48 35 66 0 0 0 0 0 0
73 Ohio Northern 14 57% 98 56 99 118 61 118 56 22 104 0 0 0 0 0 0
74 Washington 8 25% 17 43 134 254 95 69 18 13 54 0 0 0 0 0 0
75 Alfred 8 75% 159 82 84 178 101 97 11 0 50 0 0 0 0 0 0
76 Clark 4 50% 47 140 141 254 95 36 19 0 56 0 0 0 0 0 0
77 Potsdam 11 64% 104 52 173 173 48 89 82 24 126 0 0 0 0 0 0
78 Stockton 9 78% 177 27 126 145 85 27 2 0 70 0 0 0 0 0 0
79 Guilford 9 33% 46 109 161 193 87 43 43 32 73 0 0 0 0 0 0
80 Keene State 6 83% 160 92 124 132 89 124 0 0 79 0 0 0 0 0 0
81 Albion 14 86% 166 63 159 159 81 63 63 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0
82 Utica 5 80% 164 77 178 211 105 75 0 0 64 0 0 0 0 0 0
83 Lebanon Valley 13 38% 75 107 172 185 46 102 72 38 139 0 0 0 0 0 0
84 Brockport 7 29% 35 158 158 254 84 75 31 31 93 0 0 0 0 0 0
85 Birmingham-Southern 12 58% 102 93 147 156 60 130 61 33 124 0 0 0 0 0 0
86 SUNY Poly 9 89% 212 183 208 211 136 2 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0
87 Carthage 14 71% 118 29 98 169 45 103 40 40 146 0 0 0 0 0 0
88 Norwich 13 69% 125 92 113 164 71 92 68 68 120 0 0 0 0 0 0
89 Oneonta 7 57% 114 77 173 175 105 77 31 24 89 0 0 0 0 0 0
90 Neumann 9 56% 100 112 149 177 90 149 126 26 103 0 0 0 0 0 0
91 Southwestern 11 55% 99 37 136 146 79 94 87 9 118 0 0 0 0 0 0
92 New England College 8 63% 120 88 113 132 77 88 80 68 122 0 0 0 0 0 0
93 Berry 9 56% 108 115 136 157 110 85 61 29 97 0 0 0 0 0 0
94 Benedictine 13 77% 169 91 98 103 68 127 63 40 139 0 0 0 0 0 0
95 Massachusetts Maritime 3 67% 147 44 217 254 121 54 0 0 92 0 0 0 0 0 0
96 Susquehanna 10 30% 73 60 162 162 97 60 60 49 117 0 0 0 0 0 0
97 Nazareth 9 22% 31 75 178 254 130 52 52 16 78 0 0 0 0 0 0
98 Elmhurst 16 63% 117 103 152 169 65 94 87 40 149 0 0 0 0 0 0
99 Mount Union 14 50% 112 118 142 206 108 73 73 22 112 0 0 0 0 0 0
100 Grove City 13 85% 194 176 207 207 122 151 26 0 96 0 0 0 0 0 0
101 Bates 4 25% 27 113 254 254 142 45 30 3 53 0 0 0 0 0 0
102 Wilkes 13 31% 85 83 172 185 53 128 64 51 159 0 0 0 0 0 0
103 Aurora 13 62% 129 87 127 169 67 94 63 40 152 0 0 0 0 0 0
104 Curry 11 36% 94 110 153 168 77 110 59 59 145 0 0 0 0 0 0
105 Vassar 5 20% 25 117 254 254 147 65 52 16 62 0 0 0 0 0 0
106 Dean 5 80% 208 201 203 222 156 68 0 0 51 0 0 0 0 0 0
107 Messiah 10 30% 80 102 172 185 58 128 83 64 163 0 0 0 0 0 0
108 Johnson & Wales (RI) 9 78% 193 182 182 182 131 113 68 0 91 0 0 0 0 0 0
109 Shenandoah 12 33% 74 161 167 193 125 79 66 44 107 0 0 0 0 0 0
110 Wentworth 7 29% 66 104 153 254 111 104 67 67 121 0 0 0 0 0 0
111 Calvin 11 64% 154 148 159 159 100 81 81 63 130 0 0 0 0 0 0
112 Marywood 8 50% 110 149 177 195 99 177 90 60 136 0 0 0 0 0 0
113 Saint Joseph's (ME) 7 57% 145 108 199 222 126 101 92 88 114 0 0 0 0 0 0
114 Virginia Wesleyan 7 29% 64 161 193 254 149 66 50 44 86 0 0 0 0 0 0
115 Piedmont 11 55% 133 156 156 156 98 85 62 33 142 0 0 0 0 0 0
116 CSU Pueblo 1 0% 1 254 254 254 201 9 0 0 23 0 0 0 0 0 0
117 Skidmore 6 17% 34 68 254 254 137 105 65 52 98 0 0 0 0 0 0
118 Capital 13 54% 139 73 206 206 116 99 73 22 128 0 0 0 0 0 0
119 Morrisville 5 80% 220 133 202 202 168 77 0 0 61 0 0 0 0 0 0
120 Alvernia 1 0% 12 254 254 254 201 48 0 0 30 0 0 0 0 0 0
121 Oberlin 2 50% 170 139 254 254 195 41 0 0 46 0 0 0 0 0 0
122 Haverford 1 0% 29 254 254 254 201 13 0 0 40 0 0 0 0 0 0
123 Maine Maritime 3 67% 202 221 221 254 186 113 0 0 54 0 0 0 0 0 0
124 Western Connecticut 9 67% 155 80 132 155 80 80 54 54 165 0 0 0 0 0 0
125 St. Joseph's (L.I.) 7 43% 122 170 179 200 119 160 71 55 138 0 0 0 0 0 0
126 Montclair State 11 55% 152 90 145 177 104 27 27 27 150 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 Augustana 12 50% 135 94 146 169 101 137 103 40 155 0 0 0 0 0 0
128 Albright 11 18% 56 102 107 254 114 83 72 64 146 0 0 0 0 0 0
129 Wooster 11 55% 158 139 225 225 137 58 41 41 115 0 0 0 0 0 0
130 Greensboro 13 77% 181 85 156 157 92 62 62 62 164 0 0 0 0 0 0
131 Emerson 2 0% 29 254 254 254 201 36 19 0 56 0 0 0 0 0 0
132 Eastern Connecticut 12 50% 150 155 155 199 91 155 124 54 169 0 0 0 0 0 0
133 Hilbert 3 67% 218 214 227 254 190 119 0 0 71 0 0 0 0 0 0
134 McDaniel 6 0% 5 254 254 254 201 74 69 13 67 0 0 0 0 0 0
135 Hamilton 4 0% 15 254 254 254 201 47 42 30 68 0 0 0 0 0 0
136 Hendrix 7 43% 128 192 194 194 132 93 91 85 135 0 0 0 0 0 0
137 Marian 13 54% 180 127 169 174 87 146 94 94 179 0 0 0 0 0 0
138 La Roche 3 67% 226 225 227 254 166 212 0 0 108 0 0 0 0 0 0
139 Allegheny 9 22% 93 225 225 254 146 129 129 121 127 0 0 0 0 0 0
140 Springfield 3 0% 36 254 254 254 201 76 36 19 83 0 0 0 0 0 0
141 Wheaton 3 0% 36 254 254 254 201 76 36 19 83 0 0 0 0 0 0
142 Marietta 13 31% 103 187 187 206 143 99 73 22 128 0 0 0 0 0 0
143 Immaculata 9 33% 111 177 195 195 115 149 149 112 168 0 0 0 0 0 0
144 Hanover 13 62% 189 171 226 226 162 169 98 33 119 0 0 0 0 0 0
145 Bryn Athyn 7 43% 141 181 210 213 177 126 78 27 110 0 0 0 0 0 0
146 MSOE 15 33% 142 137 169 219 112 174 94 40 174 0 0 0 0 0 0
147 Sewanee 3 33% 161 203 254 254 191 85 33 0 102 0 0 0 0 0 0
148 Trine 12 42% 156 159 159 197 105 166 159 111 182 0 0 0 0 0 0
149 Marymount 10 50% 149 90 167 195 118 195 112 90 178 0 0 0 0 0 0
150 FDU-Florham 8 13% 68 172 254 254 140 102 83 72 148 0 0 0 0 0 0
151 Saint Vincent 12 75% 206 100 207 207 112 180 176 100 187 0 0 0 0 0 0
152 DePauw 8 38% 137 171 171 226 158 98 58 58 131 0 0 0 0 0 0
153 Nichols 9 11% 71 168 254 254 154 110 104 59 141 0 0 0 0 0 0
154 Northwestern-St. Paul 8 50% 171 196 196 196 151 137 127 98 144 0 0 0 0 0 0
155 Plymouth State 9 44% 178 132 199 211 116 132 54 54 189 0 0 0 0 0 0
156 Huntingdon 10 50% 187 194 204 220 127 130 115 115 166 0 0 0 0 0 0
157 Methodist 12 50% 184 167 167 193 119 161 130 130 185 0 0 0 0 0 0
158 Oswego 6 0% 33 254 254 254 201 84 84 31 108 0 0 0 0 0 0
159 Alma 15 33% 167 148 197 197 123 111 111 94 180 0 0 0 0 0 0
160 US Merchant Marine 6 50% 183 125 184 200 147 71 71 55 150 0 0 0 0 0 0
161 Ferrum 15 20% 79 157 163 193 129 167 130 62 170 0 0 0 0 0 0
162 Drew 6 0% 51 254 254 254 201 96 96 60 113 0 0 0 0 0 0
163 Averett 13 31% 179 193 194 220 124 161 130 130 185 0 0 0 0 0 0
164 Rivier 7 43% 176 203 203 203 171 88 88 88 132 0 0 0 0 0 0
165 Sage 3 33% 191 214 254 254 194 82 75 0 123 0 0 0 0 0 0
166 Adrian 15 27% 151 148 197 219 128 197 111 111 184 0 0 0 0 0 0
167 William Peace 13 31% 165 161 163 193 134 130 130 62 173 0 0 0 0 0 0
168 Univ of New England 5 0% 62 254 254 254 201 153 104 67 125 0 0 0 0 0 0
169 Concordia-Wisconsin 11 36% 175 144 219 228 143 146 137 40 171 0 0 0 0 0 0
170 Manhattanville 3 33% 202 184 254 254 189 125 71 0 137 0 0 0 0 0 0
171 Wabash 13 31% 107 209 212 226 172 144 58 58 153 0 0 0 0 0 0
172 Lycoming 11 9% 83 185 254 254 133 150 102 64 191 0 0 0 0 0 0
173 Plattsburgh 6 33% 148 175 175 254 200 89 77 77 133 0 0 0 0 0 0
174 Dubuque 10 20% 119 146 190 254 157 137 94 40 166 0 0 0 0 0 0
175 SUNY New Paltz 6 0% 87 254 254 254 201 89 77 77 133 0 0 0 0 0 0
176 Westminster (Pa.) 14 64% 216 151 180 180 134 180 151 100 191 0 0 0 0 0 0
177 Gwynedd-Mercy 8 25% 121 112 195 254 145 143 112 90 187 0 0 0 0 0 0
178 Keuka 5 0% 55 254 254 254 201 97 82 75 143 0 0 0 0 0 0
179 Mt St Mary 4 25% 172 200 254 254 177 125 71 55 158 0 0 0 0 0 0
180 Chatham 11 55% 209 151 176 230 137 176 176 151 194 0 0 0 0 0 0
181 Rosemont 6 33% 173 210 218 254 193 145 126 27 155 0 0 0 0 0 0
182 St. Joseph (CT) 11 45% 195 188 201 222 155 108 108 108 190 0 0 0 0 0 0
183 SUNY Delhi 4 50% 227 208 224 254 184 208 86 0 162 0 0 0 0 0 0
184 Mt St Vincent 4 0% 105 254 254 254 201 170 160 71 154 0 0 0 0 0 0
185 King's 11 9% 91 150 254 254 199 102 83 64 157 0 0 0 0 0 0
186 Thomas 4 50% 229 221 229 254 180 221 221 0 172 0 0 0 0 0 0
187 Muskingum 12 25% 143 206 223 223 150 142 142 99 201 0 0 0 0 0 0
188 Mitchell 8 38% 196 201 217 222 141 201 182 108 206 0 0 0 0 0 0
189 LaGrange 6 0% 126 254 254 254 201 156 115 115 159 0 0 0 0 0 0
190 Carroll (Wisc.) 6 0% 92 254 254 254 201 174 127 40 161 0 0 0 0 0 0
191 Illinois Tech 6 33% 190 219 228 254 179 146 137 94 177 0 0 0 0 0 0
192 Oglethorpe 9 11% 115 220 254 254 162 163 136 130 196 0 0 0 0 0 0
193 Randolph 14 7% 78 220 254 254 162 167 163 161 198 0 0 0 0 0 0
194 Centenary (LA) 9 22% 185 204 204 254 161 163 136 136 199 0 0 0 0 0 0
195 Wesley 8 13% 140 149 254 254 159 143 143 112 204 0 0 0 0 0 0
196 Monmouth (Ill.) 9 67% 222 216 216 216 153 154 154 154 211 0 0 0 0 0 0
197 Kalamazoo 12 8% 157 166 254 254 176 166 111 111 193 0 0 0 0 0 0
198 Thiel 10 40% 210 205 230 230 175 176 176 151 194 0 0 0 0 0 0
199 Southern Maine 6 0% 130 254 254 254 201 132 124 54 175 0 0 0 0 0 0
200 Purchase 4 0% 168 254 254 254 201 179 125 71 176 0 0 0 0 0 0
201 Albertus Magnus 9 22% 207 188 217 254 160 222 188 106 210 0 0 0 0 0 0
202 Medaille 4 25% 200 227 254 254 197 214 119 119 183 0 0 0 0 0 0
203 Emmanuel 10 10% 146 222 254 254 174 182 106 106 201 0 0 0 0 0 0
204 Dallas 4 0% 174 254 254 254 201 194 194 156 181 0 0 0 0 0 0
205 Bethany 13 31% 213 207 230 230 152 198 198 180 221 0 0 0 0 0 0
206 Heidelberg 12 8% 90 223 254 254 184 187 142 99 203 0 0 0 0 0 0
207 Washington and Jefferson 8 38% 215 198 198 230 165 205 151 151 213 0 0 0 0 0 0
208 SUNY Canton 6 50% 225 183 224 224 167 183 86 86 214 0 0 0 0 0 0
209 Anderson (Ind.) 10 30% 197 212 226 226 170 171 171 166 214 0 0 0 0 0 0
210 Centenary (NJ) 7 29% 182 213 218 254 196 181 145 27 197 0 0 0 0 0 0
211 Castleton 12 0% 134 254 254 254 201 86 82 54 200 0 0 0 0 0 0
212 Mt St Joseph 12 33% 198 138 226 226 169 219 209 171 222 0 0 0 0 0 0
213 Keystone 5 0% 136 254 254 254 201 210 145 27 205 0 0 0 0 0 0
214 Elmira 7 29% 205 202 227 254 182 165 133 86 217 0 0 0 0 0 0
215 Northland 5 20% 219 216 254 254 181 216 196 196 218 0 0 0 0 0 0
216 Cornell (Ia.) 5 20% 221 215 254 254 182 215 196 196 219 0 0 0 0 0 0
217 Salem State 3 0% 211 254 254 254 201 201 188 95 207 0 0 0 0 0 0
218 Cairn 3 0% 214 254 254 254 201 210 181 27 208 0 0 0 0 0 0
219 Concordia-Chicago 10 20% 188 212 228 254 187 191 166 146 216 0 0 0 0 0 0
220 Brevard 5 0% 192 254 254 254 201 193 192 163 209 0 0 0 0 0 0
221 Husson 8 50% 228 186 229 229 173 186 123 123 224 0 0 0 0 0 0
222 Anna Maria 9 11% 186 201 254 254 188 203 188 106 220 0 0 0 0 0 0
223 Wilmington 13 0% 109 254 254 254 201 187 187 142 212 0 0 0 0 0 0
224 Cobleskill 5 0% 224 254 254 254 201 208 208 86 223 0 0 0 0 0 0
225 Hiram 6 17% 199 212 254 254 192 139 139 138 227 0 0 0 0 0 0
226 Earlham 11 9% 201 228 254 254 198 212 209 209 225 0 0 0 0 0 0
227 Wells 5 0% 223 254 254 254 201 214 138 133 226 0 0 0 0 0 0
228 Edgewood 8 0% 204 254 254 254 201 226 212 191 227 0 0 0 0 0 0
229 NVU-Lyndon 3 0% 230 254 254 254 201 221 221 186 229 0 0 0 0 0 0
230 Franciscan 12 0% 217 254 254 254 201 205 205 205 230 0 0 0 0 0 0